Historic Places

This page is dedicated to historic places and markers I've found on various trips.  I've picked and pulled them from different albums to display them in one convenient location.  I've tired to give all the information I know about each item but sometimes the information isn't easy to come by, and a lot of times the best information comes right from the plaque itself.  If you see something that is inaccurate or incomplete please E-Mail --(link)-- me and I will correct it.

Arizona

Historic items around Arizona

Camp Crittenden and Fort Buchanan

Picture of Camp Crittenden road side marker (close up)

Camp Crittenden Marker Close Up

Camp Crittenden was established 10 August 1867 on Sonoita Creek northeast of the old town site of Casa Blanca (later to be named Crittenden). Present day this is between Sonoita and Patagonia on Hwy 82. Camp Crittenden was erected to aid in the renewed war effort against the Apache Indians and to protect settlers and stagecoaches in the area. The Camp saw much action during the Apache Wars, especially between 1870 and 1871. Located about a half-mile southwest of here was Fort Buchanan (1856-1861). Originally founded as Camp Moore it was later renamed in honor of President James Buchanan. Fort Buchanan was burned to the ground on 21 July 1861 when it was ordered abandoned during the Civil War and the troops were pulled out to New Mexico. Nothing remains of Fort Buchanan though it does still show up on some maps.

Interesting events:
- A detachment from Fort Buchanan, led by Lt. George N. Bascom, was involved in the episode with Cochise at Apache Pass that precipitated the Apache Wars (1861-86).
- Sergeant James Brown of Camp Crittenden was awarded the Medal of Honor for successfully leading a detachment of 4 men against a superior force of Apaches.
- Col. Thomas L. Crittenden commanded the 32nd Infantry at the battles of Shiloh, Stone River, and Chickamauga during the Civil War.

Camp Crittenden Area

Camp Crittenden was a few hundred yards behind the marker, back where the trees are now.

References:
http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/soldier/sitec1.htm
http://jeff.scott.tripod.com/ftcrittenden.html
http://www.ghosttowns.com/states/az/crittendon.html
http://azmemory.lib.az.us/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/shmmaps&CISOPTR=126&CISOBOX=1&REC=8

Ward Ranch Historic Marker

Close up Ward Ranch Marker

Ward Ranch Marker Close Up

In 1861 Mr. Ward thought the Chiricahua Apache raided his ranch and stole livestock and kidnapped his son. Ward went to nearby Fort Buchanan and asked for help. Lt Col Morrison, commander at the fort assigned one of his new officers, Lt Bascom, and 54 newly arrived soldiers to handle the situation by whatever means necessary. A little background information; First, it turns out the Chiricahua Apache were not responsible for the raid on Mr. Ward?s ranch, it was the Coyotero Apache. As for Mr Ward, he was considered a drunk and worthless character who seemed more concerned about the recovery of his livestock than his son. Lt Bascom was a new 24 year old lieutenant who graduated near the bottom of his Academy class of 1858. He knew little about dealing with Chiricahua Apache. As for the Chiricahua Apache, they were considered "The deadliest Fighting Handful in the calendar of Man," by Charles Lummis during his coverage of the Apache Wars in 1886. They were expert warriors and trackers, well versed in the arts of raiding and ambush, who exhibited great vigilance and endurance.

Lt Bascom, Mr. Ward and 54 soldiers set off east looking for Indians. At Apache Pass in the Chiricahua Mountains Lt Bascom sent for Cochise who, being suspicious showed up with some relatives, wives and children. While trying to apprehend Cochise and his party Cochise escaped. Over the next few days hostages were taken and trades attempted but in the end all hostages on both sides were killed. So began the 25 year Apache Wars.

Ward Ranch Marker Area

Blue Ward Ranch Marker with Telles Family Shrine in background up the steps.

The Telles family shrine is not associated historically with the Ward ranch marker, they just happen to be in close proximity to each other.

Reference:
http://www.desertusa.com/ind1/Cochise.html

Telles Family Shrine

Plaque over Telles Family Shrine

Telles Shrine Plaque Close Up

This shrine was set up after World War II. During the war the Juan Telles family had five sons in military service. Mrs. Telles vowed that if all five sons returned safely from war she would construct a shrine devoted to the family's patron saint. The existence of this shrine represents the return of all five sons and their mother's subsequent expression of devotion.

The Shrine is located a few miles west of Patagonia on Hwy 82 in the same pull off as the Ward Ranch marker.

Telles Family Shrine

Picture of gated Shrine

Reference:
http://www.cdarc.org/SCNHA/appendix_A.pdf

Little Red School House

Close up of Plaque on side of school house.

Plaque Close Up

SANTA CRUZ SCHOOL HOUSE Duquesne Road State Route 82 northeast of Nogales This is one of the approximately two dozen Little Red School Houses built in the Santa Cruz Valley area in the 1920s. Despite difficulties in the cattle industry during that time, a sufficient population of farmers and ranchers existed for construction of these schoolhouses.

The old school house is part of a larger elementary school now.

School House

Another Little Red School House was located at Alto Camp but nothing remains. Photos of Alto camp can be seen in the Bull Springs Trail photo gallery.

Reference:
http://www.cdarc.org/SCNHA/appendix_A.pdf

Michigan

Historic items around Michigan.

Old Omo Road School House

The old school house on Omo road just south of 30 Mile road.

Omo Road School House

Even though it is not actually an official historic place - there are no plans to preserve the building - I thought since it is a bit of Americana I would find out what I could.

This one room school house is probably between 75 and 100 years old (my estimate).  It was originally white and had a bell in the tower to call the kids to school.  Some of the original white paint is still visible under the eaves and between boards.  Grades kindergarten through 8th were taught here and most years there was at least one student per grade.

I would like to thank Nancy B. for providing information on the school - she was an actual student.  Nancy also writes: "I remember the older kids helping the younger kids with their school work.  Each class got a little of the teacher's time and then you were on your own to finish up what was assigned.  I remember the out-house and I remember everyone playing together at recess.  I also remember the box lunch socials and the Christmas programs. What a treat they were."  

The school house currently sits on private property.

South Channel Range Lights

Lake St. Clair has two lighthouse structures built before Abraham Lincoln was President. They still stand today just off the southeastern tip of Harsens Island . Construction of the Old South Channel Range Lights started in 1855 and finished in 1859.

Front Light House

This is the front light. It began to lean in 1875 and was dismantled and rebuilt on the same stone and timber crib that it had been built on originally. It remains, but is again leaning. In 1990 a steel cell was placed around the base, reinforced and filled it with limestone for temporary support until a permanent seawall could be built. In the fall of 1996 the permanent seawall was completed.

Rear Lighthouse

This is the rear light and it has weathered the elements better than the front light over the years. There was a large keeper's house on the island surrounding the light that was taken down in the early 1930s. Vandalism played a part in the overall deterioration and, combined with age and the elements, the rear light was in need of major foundation work. SOSCL has done a nice job of restoring these lights.

For more info:
http://www.soschannellights.org